Grace Community Church (San Antonio, Texas) Bible Study, December 9, 2014 – Randy Pizzino: Divine Work And Human Responsibility (Philippians 2:12-13)
12 Therefore, my beloved, as you have always obeyed, so now, not only as in my presence but much more in my absence, work out your own salvation with fear and trembling, 13 for it is God who works in you, both to will and to work for his good pleasure.
“Whatever Paul means by “work out your own salvation with fear and trembling,” you cannot read that with the idea that Paul is saying “I’m not sure about these Philippians.” That would be out of character with how the apostle is writing about them in chapter one verse six in which he is confident that they will make it to the end.”
“If Yahweh is our sanctifier (Ex. 31:13), is omnipresent (Ps. 139:7–10), is our peace (Judg. 6:24), is our righteousness (Jer. 23:6), is our victory (Ex. 17:8–16), and is our healer (Ex. 15:26), then so is Christ all of these things (1 Cor. 1:30; Col. 1:27; Eph. 2:14). If the gospel is God’s (1 Thess. 2:2, 6–9; Gal. 3:8), then that same gospel is also Christ’s (1 Thess. 3:2; Gal. 1:7). If the church is God’s (Gal. 1:13; 1 Cor. 15:9), then that same church is also Christ’s (Rom 16:16). God’s Kingdom (1 Thess. 2:12) is Christ’s (Eph. 5:5); God’s love (Eph. 1:3–5) is Christ’s (Rom. 8:35); God’s Word (Col. 1:25; 1 Thess. 2:13) is Christ’s (1 Thess. 1:8; 4:15); God’s Spirit (1 Thess. 4:8) is Christ’s (Phil. 1:19); God’s peace (Gal. 5:22; Phil. 4:9) is Christ’s (Col. 3:15; see Col. 1:2; Phil. 1:2; 4:7); God’s “Day” of judgment (Isa. 13:6) is Christ’s “Day” of judgment (Phil. 1:6, 10; 2:16; 1 Cor. 1:8); God’s grace (Eph. 2:8, 9; Col. 1:6; Gal. 1:15) is Christ’s grace (1 Thess. 5:28; Gal. 1:6; 6:18); God’s salvation (Col. 1:13) is Christ’s salvation (1 Thess. 1:10); and God’s will (Eph. 1:11; 1 Thess. 4:3; Gal. 1:4) is Christ’s will (Eph. 5:17; see 1 Thess. 5:18). So it is no surprise to hear Paul say that he is both God’s slave (Rom. 1:9) and Christ’s (Rom. 1:1; Gal. 1:10), that he lives for that glory which is both God’s (Rom 5:2; Gal. 1:24) and Christ’s (2 Cor. 8:19, 23; see 2 Cor. 4:6), that his faith is in God (1 Thess. 1:8, 9; Rom. 4:1–5) and in Christ Jesus (Gal. 3:22), and that to know God, which is salvation (Gal. 4:8; 1 Thess. 4:5), is to know Christ (2 Cor. 4:6).”
David F. Wells, The Person of Christ (Westchester, Illinois: Crossway, 1984), pp. 64–65, quoted in R. L. Reymond, Jesus, Divine Messiah: The New and Old Testament Witness. (Fearn, UK: Christian Focus Publications, 2003), p. 430.
“Imputed, reckoned, counted, accounted are translations of the Greek word logizomai. The word in the classics meant “to count, reckon, calculate, compute, to set to one’s account.” We will study its use in Gal. 3:6 as an illustration of its use in other passages. The word is used in the papyri as a business term:for instance, “put to one’s account; let my revenues be placed on deposit at the store-house; reckoning the wine to him at 16 drachmae the monochore; a single artabae being reckoned at 180 myriads of denari; I now give orders generally with regard to all payments actually made or credited to the government.” (emphasis in the original throughout)
Thus Abraham believed God, and his act of faith was placed to his account in value as righteousness. He believed God and his act of faith was placed on deposit for him and evaluated as righteousness. He believed God and his act of faith was computed as to its value, and there was placed to his account, righteousness. He believed God, and his act of faith was credited to his account for righteousness. Finally, he believed God, and his act of faith was credited to him, resulting in righteousness.
All this does not mean, however, that Abraham’s act of faith was looked upon as a meritorious action deserving of reward. It was not viewed as a good work by God and rewarded by the bestowal of righteousness. That would be salvation by works. But the fact that Abraham cast off all dependence upon good works as a means of finding acceptance with God, and accepted God’s way of bestowing salvation, was answered by God in giving him that salvation. Abraham simply put himself in the place where a righteous God could offer him salvation upon the basis of justice satisfied, and in pure grace. God therefore put righteousness to his account. He evaluated Abraham’s act of faith as that which made it possible for Him to give him salvation.
The word logizomai is translated “imputed” in Rom. 4:6, 8, 11, 22, 23, 24; II Cor. 5:19; Jas. 2:23. In Rom. 4:8, the man is called blessed, to whose account no sin is charged. At the Cross, his sin was charged to the account of the Lord Jesus. In Rom. 4:6, the man to whose account righteousness is put, is called blessed. This is imputation, the act of putting something to someone’s account. In the case of the Lord Jesus, the sin of the human race was charged to Him. In the case of the believing sinner, the righteousness of God, Christ Jesus Himself, is put to his account.
It is translated “counted” or “accounted” in the following scriptures; Rom. 2:26, 4:3, 5; Gal. 3:6. In Rom. 2:26 we have, “Shall not his uncircumcision be put to his account for circumcision?”
The scripture where “reckoned” is used is Rom. 4:9, 10. In II Tim. 4:16 we have an excellent illustration of the use of logizomai in the words, “I pray God that it may not be laid to their charge.” The above treatment of logizomai is chiefly confined to its use in connection with the substitutionary atonement for sin. There are other uses which are not covered by the foregoing work.”